Most businesses have two or more computers that they need to communicate with each other to share things like company databases, software and common files. One or more computers connected by a hub and then to a network or Internet connection is the simplest form of a network infrastructure. Routers allow the network of computers to communicate with one another while switches regulate the flow of information.
Within companies, the network infrastructure is all the physical hardware used to connect the parts of the businesses telecommunications architecture. The various parts of the infrastructure are organized and configured; such as the computers, wireless access points, gateways, bridges, routers and switches – everything that supports the flow and processing of information.
A company’s infrastructure can be set up to be an open or closed network. An example of an open network would be the Internet and a closed network example would be the company’s intranet. Open and closed networks can be hard wired or have a wireless connection or both.
The benefits of having a managed network infrastructure are many, including:
- Optimal use of business resources
- Reducing errors by utilizing one centralized database
- Management of information including date retrieval and storage
- Seamless interface between the company’s network and external Internet connections
- Saving money by streamlining working practices through sharing of peripherals, tape drives, scanners and internet access